Guru Gobind Singh was a generous man; he did not want the people to suffer any discrimination. He always desired equality, justice and peace for his fellow people.
GURU GOBIND SINGH JAYANTI
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is celebrated as Guru Gobind Singh’s birth anniversary. He was a terrific leader, warrior, poet and philosopher. He was the tenth guru of the Sikhs. According to the Julian calendar, he was born on 22nd December 1666. As the Hindu says, he was born on Saptami in the month of Shukla Paksha and the season of Paush. On this day people distribute homemade food to poor people and recite prayers in Gurudwara.
HISTORY OF GURU GOBIND SINGH
Guru Gobind Singh was born in Patna, Bihar to Guru Tegh Bahadur the ninth guru of Sikhs, who lost his life safeguarding religious freedom. Guru Gobind Singh became the tenth Guru after the death of his father. He was only 9 years old when he became the Guru. In his whole life, he fought against the injustice done by the Mughal rulers and also did several notable deeds.
Guru Gobind Singh took five lower caste men and baptized them. He named them ‘HIS FIVE BELOVEDS’. Then he empowered them with immense courage and a devotion to God in 1699. As he was a leader, he encouraged people to revolt against the injustice done by the Mughals and this led to establishing the Khalsa, a special force of saint warriors who were baptized by him. The Khalsa followed a stern moral code and spiritual discipline. The Khalsa made four significant rules which had to be followed by the militants were:
- Cutting hair was not allowed.
- Cannot eat slaughtered meat.
- Cohabiting with someone from different castes was unacceptable.
- Cannot have tobacco.
What are the teachings of GURU GOBIND SINGH ?
Guru Gobind Singh had also made five symbols of Khalsa known as the Five K’s. This indicates that the warriors have dedicated their life to God. The symbols are:
Kesha means uncut hair. Uncut hair was the symbol of spirituality and power. This symbolises accepting a simple life and not being proud of one’s facade.
Kara means a bracelet made of steel. This was a symbol of self control and dignity. This shows God has no beginning or end. This reminds them that they should not do anything against the will of the Guru.
Kanga means a wooden comb. The comb signifies the importance of taking care of one’s body. This keeps the uncut hair neat and clean.
Kaccha means special underwear. It is the symbol of chastity.
Kripan means a sword. This represents spirituality and one’s fight against injustice.
The Khalsa inspired people to evolve themselves spiritually under the teaching of Guru Gobind Singh. It gave them strength to fight against the wrong. Before his demise in 1708, he declared Guru Grant Sahib the holy book the only Sikh Guru after him.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti date
Guru Gobind Singh lived a basic life of a saint and motivated Sikhs by his teachings and beliefs of the way he completed his life’s journey. He had firm principles and morals which he and his followers used to obey and till date Sikhs follow it. Today also his ideas and teachings inspire people. So we celebrate this day as Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti i.e. on 20th January 2021. His teachings have a great impact on Sikhs and other people.
Why we celebrate Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti?
On his birth anniversary, people go to Gurudwaras for special prayer gatherings and there are talks on Guru Gobind Singh’s life, ideas and his poetries. On this day special dishes are made for his honour. Large processions are taken out in some places with people singing devotional songs and marching. They also distribute sweets and refreshments among themselves. In some processions, Guru Grant Sahib is taken on a special pedestal from the Gurudwara. In many families, kirtans take place for the Guru Ji. They also do charity like they distribute homemade food among the poor and needy people. These prayers and charity give people peace of mind and body. They get the power to fight for themselves. In his memory, Sikhs go to Golden Temple in Amritsar Punjab to participate in prayers and sing devotional songs. This is a big day for Sikhs and people who follow his teachings. The people wish for success and well being of their family.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti quotes
Chidiyan tei mai Baaz tudaun, Gidran toh mai sher banau,
Sawa lakh se ekk ladau, Tab Gobind Singh Naam kahau.
Guru Gobind Singh was a gracious leader who always motivated people and his followers against injustice. Till now people trust and follow his ideas and beliefs which is great because with the changing world people are losing their morals and traditions but the values of Guruji are still alive in Sikhs. So celebrate this day whole heartedly and to the fullest.