India is a land of various cultures and religions; this is why India shows unity in diversity. Many festivals are seen to be celebrated across the country; people belonging to different caste and creed celebrate festivals together irrespective of the religion they belong to. There are a lot of important festivals in India, out of which Pongal is worth mentioning.
To know everything about Pongal 2022, scroll down to read more.
What is Pongal ?
Pongal means “to boil” in Tamil. India, being a country with agriculture as the primary occupation, people of this country never fails to celebrate nature’s biggest blessing. Seasonal changes are really important in a farmer’s life and thus their lifestyle and celebrations are exclusively linked with seasonal transitions. Hence, Pongal is one such harvesting festival of Tamil Nadu which is celebrated as Makar Sankranti and Lohri in other states of India..
The end of winter season marks the starting of this festival and corresponds to the time when the sun is moving towards Uttarayanam or North from Dakshinayanam or South. This period is referred to as Uttarayana Punyakalam and is considered very holy. According to the Tamil calendar, this festival is celebrated four days from the last day of the month of December to January which is called Margazhi, to the third day of the month January to February or Thai.
Pongal 2022 Date
As per the Gregorian calendar, Pongal is celebrated from 14 to 17 January 2022 of which the first day of Thai or Pongal falls on the 14th day of the January 2022 month.
History of Pongal
Pongal is one of the famous festivals which is celebrated in cold weather and the devotees pray to attain warmth of the sun. As per the history it started to get celebrated from the Sangam era. It is believed that maidens who belong to the Sangam Era recognized that “Pavai Nombu” during the “The Niradal” was an important festival celebrated during the time of Pallavas i.e. from 4th to 8th century A.D.
Customs and Traditions in Pongal
Cleaning the house and wearing new clothes are some of the most performed rituals in the festive season of Pongal. Half Sarees and lehengas are worn by the women and young girls respectively. On the other hand, the men wear lungi and angavastram on this occasion. People eat sugar canes on this festival and decorate the houses with kolam which is a type of paste made using rice. Kolams are generally made of white colour but people also try making kolams of different colours.
Exchanging gifts in various festivals is an indispensable part of a society, and Pongal is no different. ‘Pongal Padi‘ or ‘Pongal Parisu‘ are given to the farm labourers as Pongal Gifts in villages. This tradition is now followed by other occupations as well, where one employee gives gifts to other employees as well on the occasion of Pongal. This festival comes with an opportunity to give various presents to friends and family.
Some popular gifts that are exchanged on the festival of Pongal are Lord Sun sculptures on Surya Pongal, different kinds of decoratives on Bhogi Pongal, wooden handicrafts, new kitchen goods useful for household purposes.
Festivities in Pongal
Pongal lasts for four days. The first day of Pongal is called Bhogi Pongal. On this day, people worship Sun God and Earth. A special dish called as Pongal is made by boiling rice with milk. The first paddy harvested is used to make the dish of Pongal. Thai Pongal is a special ritual.
Surya Pongal is the second day of Pongal. It is also known as Perum Pongal. It is the most important day and on this day people worship Surya or the God of Sun and also his mates called Chaya and Samgnya. On this day people throw away the old articles in the fire. An oil massage is taken by the people on this day and new clothes are worn. Mattu Pongal, the third day of this festival, the farm animals like cattle are worshipped. They bathed and dressed beautifully and served Pongal. Thiruvalluvar day is the fourth day of Pongal. It is also known as Kaanum Pongal.
On this day, people visit their family and friends. Women of every household perform puja for the prosperity of their brothers. It is also seen that many people leave cooked rice on banana leaves for birds on this day to be eaten.
This festival is all about showing gratitude towards the natural agents helping us to survive, thus farmers pay respects to the rain, sun and the animals, which are indispensable in farming. Also, since paddy and other crops depend upon the supply of excellent rain and Tamil Nadu doesn’t have many perennial water sources, rain and sun gods are invoked during this auspicious occasion. Pongal is additionally referred to as “Tamizhar Thirunal” (meaning “the festival of Tamils”). “Thai Pirandhal Vazhi Pirakkum” which suggests that “birth of the Thai month will pave way for brand spanking new opportunities” may be a common saying in regard to Pongal.
Resemblance with other cultures
Pongal is considered as the makar sankranti for the rest of India. As it is a harvest festival and marks the change of the sun to the next zodiac sign. It is the birth of ‘thai’ meaning month. Hindus consider it the day time of Gods. This festival is celebrated all in various parts of India with different names. It is the kite flying festival in Gujarat and is called “sankranti’. Also it is called ‘ Maghi‘ in Haryana, Punjab. Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan celebrates this festival colourfully as an invitation to the spring season. Apart from India, Nepal also celebrates this festival because Uttarayana punyakalam is a holy period.
People believe that Bhisma lay on a bed of arrows so that he could die during Uttarayan. Anybody who dies during Uttarayan- Jan 14th to July 21st is believed to be god’s favorite child and will spend some time in heaven.
Pongal 2022 Wishes
Pongal is very significant and famous festival in the Tamil community which is also known as Thai Pongal. If you want to make Pongal 2022 special for your near and dear ones then, share these Happy Pongal 2022 wishes mentioned below in English.
If you want to make your wishing colorful, then you can also share these amazing Happy Pongal 2022 images via WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram or any other social media platform.
Pongal 2022 wishes in English:
- May the auspicious fire bring you joy and happiness and burn all your moments of sadness. Wishing you a very Happy and prosperous Pongal 2022.
- With great cheerfulness, zeal and brightest rays of joy and hope, I wish you and your family a very happy and blessed Pongal 2022.
Unlike many festivals, Pongal is also an important one which depicts the richness of Indian Culture and its values. It falls around the same time as Lohri & Makar Sankranti every year, which is around mid-January. The people of Tamil Nadu irrespective of their caste and creed enjoy to the fullest, together with no limitations. It is really good to see the people taking part in the festival of Pongal. Happy Pongal 2022 to all our readers.
When is Pongal 2022?
Pongal 2022 will begin from January 14th, Friday to January 17th, Monday.
What is the significance of Pongal?
It is a four day long harvest festival in Tamil Nadu, where people thank the Sun God for the abundant crop yield. It is celebrated anually. It also marks the entry of the Sun from Tropic of Cancer to Tropic of Capricorn.
Where is Pongal celebrated?
Pongal is celebrated all over India with various names. This harvest festival is celebrated with the name Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Maghi in Punjab, and Makar Sankranti in various other parts of India.